Paralysis is a loss of muscle function in part of your body. It can be localized or generalized, partial or complete, and temporary or permanent. Paralysis can affect any part of your body at any time in your life. If you experience it, you probably won’t feel pain in the affected areas. A treatment plan and outlook for the condition will depend on the underlying cause of paralysis, as well as symptoms experienced. Technological innovations and therapeutic interventions may help you maintain your independence and quality of life.
Localized paralysis affects only one part of your body, such as your face or hand.
Generalized paralysis is a group of conditions that affect multiple body parts. The types include monoplegia, which affects only one arm or leg; hemiplegia, which affects one arm and one leg on the same side of your body; paraplegia, which affects both of your legs; quadriplegia, or tetraplegia, which affects both of your arms and both of your legs.
The main symptom of paralysis is the inability to move part of your body, or not being able to move at all. It can start suddenly or gradually. Sometimes it comes and goes.
Paralysis can affect any part of the body, including:
The affected part of the your body may also be:
Paralysis is most often caused by damage in the nervous system, especially the spinal cord. Other major causes are stroke, trauma with nerve injury, poliomyelitis, cerebral palsy, peripheral neuropathy, Parkinson's disease, ALS, botulism, spina bifida, multiple sclerosis, and Guillain–Barré syndrome.
Other Causes inlcude Alternating Hemiplegia, Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), Familial Periodic Paralysis, Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia, Medications, Muscular Dystrophy, Poisons/Toxins, Tick Paralysis, Todd's Paralysis, Trauma, Tumors.
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